The most useful and applicable philosophy developed to date is the philosophy of objectivism. Where it is based on the existence of the absolute nature of physical existence (knowledge), the philosophy of explanation is based on the existence of the abstract nature of conceptual existence (intelligence).
The philosophy of explanation is a natural result of the purposeful transformation of the metaphysical basis of knowledge into the epistemological basis of intelligence. As such, the philosophy of explanation is not different from the philosophy of objectivism; it is its epistemological advancement. The intellectual basis of the philosophy of explanation is more useful for explaining the rational nature of human nature than what the metaphysical basis of the philosophy of objectivism allows it to be considered.
Those who loathe the physical approach to explaining the rational nature of human nature offered by the philosophy of objectivism may find the intellectual approach offered by the philosophy of explanation more to their liking.
Unlike the philosophy of objectivism, the philosophy of explanation is able to address the most fundamental questions facing man, such as, “Why do life, time, space, distance, universe, human, happiness, eternity, and [of course] God exist?”
As the beginning point for the development of the philosophy of explanation, and as the fundamental philosophical foundation for the development of the philosophy of explanation, I will first present several edited definitions of what the science of philosophy is, as explained by Ayn Rand during her creation of the philosophy of objectivism.
What Is the Science of Philosophy?
Following are edited excerpts of Ayn Rand’s writings:
- Your actions are a consequence of your philosophy. Their result on your person is not; this is left to the laws of nature. As a human being, you have no choice about your need of philosophy. Your only choice, in this regard, is whether you define the parameters of your philosophy or whether you blindly follow another’s.
- Philosophy deals with those aspects of the universe that pertain to everything that exists. Philosophy is the foundation of science, the selector of man’s values and goals, the organizer of man’s thoughts and thereby his actions.
- Philosophy is that science which studies the nature of existence, of man, and of man’s relationship to existence. The fundamental branches of philosophy are metaphysics and epistemology. It is on the basis of a knowable universe (metaphysics) and one’s rational grasp of it (epistemology) that one can define the secondary branches of philosophy: ethics, morality, and esthetics.
- The task of philosophy is to provide man with a comprehensive view of what it means to act properly. In order to evaluate a given philosophical premise, ask what—if applied—it would do to human life, beginning with your own. This view will serve as a base, a frame of reference, for your actions. This view will give you the nature of the universe with which you must deal (metaphysics), and the means by which to deal with it (epistemology). It will provide the standard by which you choose your goals and values in regard to your life and your character (ethics), and in regard to your relationship with others (morality). Your means of explaining this view is esthetics.
- In order to live, man must act; in order to act, man must make choices; in order to make choices, man must define a code of values; in order to define a code of values, man must discover the nature of his existence as the rational being. Since man knows what he is and where he lives, his only task is to understand how these define how he must behave prior to being considered a properly functioning human being. Man needs philosophy.
From these philosophical premises, it is now possible to develop a completely new philosophy—a philosophy capable of answering the most fundamental questions facing human beings, such as “Why does God exist?”